Krishna and Rukmini's wedding

The romance and love of Krishna and Radha are legendary. Yet, the story behind Krishna's wedding to his first wife Rukmini, as narrated in the Hindu scripture of Bhagavata, is equally interesting. A festival banner from the year 1800 shows the sequence of events that transpired during the wedding.

Sri Chennakeshava Temple of Beluru

This online exhibit gives a glimpse into the marvellous temple at Beluru, Karnataka, through numerous images captured by many history enthusiasts. An artistic and cultural example of the Hoysala architecture, Sri Chennakeshava temple was built by King Vishnuvardhana in 1117. The temple complex went through modifications for over hundred years to become the architectural marvel that it is today.

Chennakeshava Temple Beluru

Temple art, architecture and ground plan

This exhibit goes into the architectural and artistic details of the Beluru Chennakeshava Temple. Scholar Adam Hardy classifies the Hoysala temples as the Karnata Dravida tradition. Hoysala temples typically have a Mantapa - an entrance porch called Navaranga, Vimana - the shrine built above the sanctum, and a Jagati - a platform for circumnavigation. The outer walls are all carved with extensive sculptures and reliefs.

Hoysaleshwara Temple


Hoysaleshwara Temple is a 12th-century Shaivite temple and is the largest monument in Halebeedu, the former capital of the Hoysala Empire. It is unique for the richness, finesse and beauty of the carved friezes that adorn its exterior walls.

Amrutheshwara Temple, Amruthapura

The exquisite Amrutheshwara Temple (also known as Amrutesvara) is located in the village of Amruthapura in Chikmagalur district. Externally, the temple gives a deceptively small look, but visitors are surprised with the number of wonders it holds within. The temple was built in 1196 CE by Amrutheshwara Dandanayaka (commander) under the Hoysala King Veera Ballala II.

Krishna in Indian Artistic Forms

Krishna's valour and his charm as youth are depicted in a multitude of artistic forms in India - from paintings, sculptures, and music, to dance. Stories of Krishna, especially of his childhood, have enthralled artists and commoners for centuries. Puranic scriptures dedicated to Vishnu, namely Bhagavatha Purana and Vishnu Purana, narrate the stories of Krishna at length since he is considered the eighth incarnation of God Vishnu.

Somanathapura Temple

Somanathapura Keshava-Temple is not as massive in size as the Beluru – Halebidu temples, but it is as stunningly beautiful and ornate. Built in 1258 CE, more than 100 years after the Belur – Halebidu temples, it is a testament to the continued patronage of arts, crafts, and temple building by the Hoysala rulers.

Koli Jewellery: An Introduction

The Kolis are known to be fond of their gold. This can be seen in how one of their communities is named ‘Son Koli’. This name is believed to have come from the golden colour of bhandara (holy turmeric powder), which is sacred and is a favourite of their god, the Khandoba of Jejuri. ‘Son’ in their language translates to golden. This fondness for gold can be seen in the figurative use of gold in their description of fish: ‘mhavra haay majha sonyavani’ (This fish is my gold).

Traditional Dress of the Kolis of Mumbai

Often, the first thing that catches your eye about someone is their attire. Clothing can be seen as an extension of a person’s identity and serves as a medium of interaction with the world. Clothing styles and patterns are suggestive of the occupation people may be involved. The traditional way of dressing of the fishing community of Mumbai, the Kolis, is quite unique and complements their main occupation of fishing.


A hidden Hoysala gem

Aralaguppe in Karnataka is a temple built by King Veera Someshwara in 1250 and dedicated to God Vishnu. A noteworthy feature of the temple is the many complex forms of Vishnu. Vishnu is commonly identified by the four primary objects he holds, Shankha (conch), Chakra (discus), Gada (mace), and Padma (lotus). However, in Aralaguppe Vishnu is depicted with unusual objects such as sugarcane, mace, noose, mortar, etc. These sculptures of Vishnu indicate that the sculptors, along with their artistic prowess, also possessed a deep theological understanding of the Hindu scriptures.

Ramayana in Painting Tradition

Ramayana is one of the great epics of India. An earthen vase from 1800s showcased in this exhibit pictorially represents an important incident from Ramayana. The accompanying essay in this special collection deciphers and textually narrates the incident.


Mahishasura slayer Durga in Indian art

Goddess Durga is one of the most popular deities in India. Thus, she is also the subject of various art forms, from sculptures to paintings to temple art. In this exhibit, know the story behind this much-revered Goddess through art.

Ellora Caves

An enigma in the cave architecture of India, Ellora, situated in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, represents a phase of aesthetic appeal and a model of religious harmony and cohesiveness that existed during the early medieval period in the Deccan region. Through images, we explore the architectural journey of Ellora in this collection.

Visual History of Business and Trade in India

India has a varied as well as rich tradition and vast history of Trade, Commerce, Business Corporate and Industry. This collection attempts to provide an insightful narrative of the ancient, medieval, colonial, pre-independence, post-independence, and the business sectors, significant contributors etc. along with an impressive cohort of images.

Harvard Exhibit

Creating Emerging Markets explores the evolution of business leadership in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East. At its core are interviews with leaders or former leaders of highly impactful businesses and NGOs.

Bijolia Group of Temples

Bhilwara, Rajasthan

The Bijolia group of temples, located in the Bhilwara district of Rajasthan, represents a significant chapter in the region's rich architectural heritage. Located in the quaint town of Bijolia, the complex, protected under the Jaipur Circle of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), stands as a timeless marvel amidst the Uparmal plateau, formerly known as Vindhyavali. The complex includes three temples and a kund (water tank). The group of temples is much renowned for the first one the Mahakal Temple, also popularly called the Bijoliyan Mahadeva Temple. The other two temples are the Hazareshwar Temple and Undeshwar Temple. The serene Mandakini Kund adds to the spiritual ambience of this historical site.

Kaner-ki-Putli Temple

Bhilwara, Rajasthan

The Kaner-ki-Putli Temple is a Shiva temple located in the picturesque Khadirpur locality of Bijolia, Rajasthan. The protected heritage site under the Jaipur Circle of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), preserves its cultural legacy in the wild within the Vindhya ranges. The secluded temple is surrounded by Bijolia stone mines all around it. The temple is oriented towards the west and its current structure includes a garbhagriha (sanctum sanctorum) and an antarala (antechamber), while the mandapa (pillared hall) lies in ruins. The temple features intricate vedibandha (basal mouldings) and a finely carved jangha (wall), characteristic of the 12th century CE architectural style

Chandrabhaga Group of Temples

Jhalawar, Rajasthan

Situated on the banks of the Chandrabhaga River in the heart of Jhalawar district, Rajasthan, lie the ancient temples of Chandravati, also known as Chandrabhaga, at Jhalarpatan. Founded by Jhala Jalim Singh in 1789 CE, the city of Jhalawar, formerly known as Chandravati, has seen the rise and fall of empires, yet its sacred temples remain significant symbols of architectural and spiritual heritage. Within the temple complex, the compound under the Jaipur Circle of Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) houses five temples in varying states of preservation. The Sitaleshwar Temple, dedicated to Shiva, is the most prominent, accompanied by two other Shiva temples, a Vishnu Temple, and a temple dedicated to Mahishasuramardini. A modest four-pillared mandapa (pillared hall), with a Ganesha figure at the centre, is also part of the complex.

Mahanal Temple And Math: Menal Group of Temples

Chittorgarh, Rajasthan

The scenic location of the Menal Valley in Rajasthan is home to exquisite temples and monasteries built over four hundred years, ranging from as early as the eighth century up to the fourteenth century CE. Apart from the two large temples, Mahanaleshwar and Suhaveshwar, there are about four to five smaller temples, two monasteries, and several architectural fragments strewn within the premises of the complex.

Suswani Mata Temple at Morkhana

Bikaner, Rajasthan

The Morkhana village, also called as Morkhiyana, is home to an Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) protected temple dedicated to Suswani Ma. The Goddess is believed to be a kuldevi (family deity) of the Surana clan. The original temple of Suswani Mata dates back to the twelfth century CE construction, undergoing restoration and reconstruction multiple times since its inception. Presently, the temple comprises only the garbhagriha (sanctum sanctorum), with a later added mandapa (closed hall), courtyard, and rest houses.

Andy Warhol Photography Archive

Andy Warhol was an American artist and also a well-known photographer and a dominant personality in the visual art movement, known as Pop Art. Beginning his career as a commercial illustrator, in his later life he earned recognition as an influential and controversial artist. Drawing on a trove of over 3,600 contact sheets featuring 130,000 photographic exposures acquired in 2014 from The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc., the images document Warhol's daily life. This collection of Warhol’s contact sheets – printed thumbnails from a roll of film – represents the complete range of the American artist’s black-and-white photographic practice from 1976 until his unexpected death in 1987.

Herbert Matter Archive: Modernist Photography and Graphic Design

Herbert Matter was a Swiss-born American photographer and graphic designer known for his innovative work on photomontage in commercial art. His works included retouching and manipulating negative and the common subjects in his works included landscapes, portraits, and still lifes. The Herbert Matter archive spans the years 1937-1984, when Matter was active as a graphic designer and photographer in the United States, until his death at the age of seventy-seven. The archive is large and includes original art work and production files; manuscript materials; film, video and audio media; photographs; books and printed matter; correspondence; and negatives and transparencies of his commercial and non-commercial photographic work.

Computer Science @ Stanford

This exhibit pulls together several collections of photographs documenting the history of computer science at Stanford. More materials will be added as they are digitized and processed.

Edward Feigenbaum Papers

The Edward A. Feigenbaum Papers collection primarily concerns his work in artificial intelligence at Stanford University and includes administrative files, correspondence, project files, trip files, proposals, reports, reprints, Artificial Intelligence Lab memos, audio tapes, video tapes, and files on computer programs, including EPAM, DENDRAL, MOLGEN, MYCIN, and others.

GATT Digital Library 1947-1994

Welcome to the GATT Digital Library. This site provides access to documents and information of and about the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), an organization that promoted international commerce and the reduction of trade barriers among member states from 1947-1994. This exhibit includes basic documentation papers regarding the inventory of various non-tariff barriers along with marketing standards and packaging and labeling regulations of different countries.

The History of Artificial Intelligence

The rich archival documentation available in the Stanford Libraries on the history of artificial intelligence includes important film, video and audio resources, as well as traditional print materials and even early computer files. These materials provide access to a variety of events and activities from Stanford, Silicon Valley, or the artificial intelligence community as a whole, including tours of labs and project, robots in action, and public lectures, to name only a few examples. These materials were captured in both non-digital formats, such as film, audio tape, and text, as well as digital files from the Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory and Stanford University Medical Experimental Computer Resource (SUMEX) project.